Friday, December 14, 2012

Taj Mahal of Agra in Uttar Pradesh, India

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The Taj Mahal means Crown of Palaces, Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his most beloved third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as the jewel of Muslim art in India and is one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage".

Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles.

In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal, it is actually an integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of brilliant artisans and craftsmen.

The tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal.

The exterior decorations of the Taj Mahal are among the finest in Mughal architecture.

The calligraphy on the Great Gate reads "O Soul, thou art at rest. Return to the Lord at peace with Him, and He at peace with you.

The complex is set around a large 300-metre (980 ft) square Charbagh or Mughal garden

The Taj Mahal was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia and over 1,000 elephants were used to transport building materials.

Upon Shah Jahan's death, his son Aurangzeb buried him in the mausoleum next to his wife Mumtaz Mahal.

The Taj Mahal attracts a huge number of tourists from around the globe every year. UNESCO documented more than 2 million visitors in 2001, including more than 200,000 from overseas

Ever since its construction, the brilliant monument has been the source of great admiration transcending culture and geography.

                               Inside Taj Mahal : The Toumbs of Shah Jahan & Mumtaz Mahal

                                  Inside Taj Mahal : The Toumbs of Shah Jahan & Mumtaz Mahal

                                                               Inside Taj Mahal